What is Hormone Replacement Therapy?

Testosterone is a hormone that is produced primarily in the testicles for men and the ovaries and adrenal glands for women. Testosterone gives men their deep voices, larger muscle mass, facial and body hair, distinguishing them from women and is most often associated with sex drive while also playing a vital role in sperm production. But it also affects bone and muscle mass, the way men store fat in the body, and even red blood cell production. A man’s testosterone levels can also affect his mood. Testosterone production starts to increase significantly during puberty,and begins to dip after age 30 or so. At that point, testosterone levels start to fall by about 1% a year.

As men get into their 50s, 60s, and beyond, they may start to have signs and symptoms of low testosterone such as lower sex drive and sense of vitality, erectile dysfunction, decreased energy, reduced muscle mass and bone density, and anemia. Taken together, these signs and symptoms are often called hypogonadism (“hypo” meaning low functioning and “gonadism” referring to the testicles). Researchers estimate that the condition affects anywhere from two to six million men in the United States. Yet it is an under diagnosed problem, with only about 5%of those affected receiving treatment. Studies have shown that Testosterone Replacement Therapy may offer a wide range of benefits for men with hypogonadism, including improved libido, mood, cognition, muscle mass, bone density, and red blood cell production.   If you’re concerned about low testosterone, call and schedule a consultation with one of our medical providers today!